百度地图 vue-baidu-map 使用教程以及案列

发现一篇vue-baidu-map使用教程写的非常清楚详细,

转载自仇益阳  原文链接 https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/87757311

百度地图 vue-baidu-map自动定位,鼠标选点并进行逆解析,地区检索,配合使用使用案列以及解决方案

效果图如下

三个需求:

1.用户进入这一页的时候需要获取定位信息,移至地图中心。

2.当用户输入店铺地址的时候,地图上会出现符合条件的检索条目。

3.用户鼠标右击地图的时候可以选定坐标点,并且逆解析出该点的详细地址信息,并回显到输入框中

准备工作

安装vue-baidu-map

$ npm install vue-baidu-map --save 

或者

$ yarn add vue-baidu-map

局部注册

//引入组件
import BaiduMap from 'vue-baidu-map/components/map/Map.vue'
import { BmGeolocation, BmLocalSearch, BmNavigation, BmMarker } from 'vue-baidu-map'

//在vue生命周期里注册组件
  components: {
    // 地图
    BaiduMap,
    // 手动定位控件
    BmGeolocation,
    // 检索控件
    BmLocalSearch,
    // 地图放大缩小控件
    BmNavigation,
    // marker控件
    BmMarker
  },

实现vue-baidu-map自动定位

<baidu-map
        class="bm-view"
        :zoom="15"
        :center="center"
        :ak="selfKey"
        inertial-dragging
        @ready="mapReady"
        @rightclick="selectPoint"
      >
        <bm-marker :position="point" :dragging="true" animation="BMAP_ANIMATION_BOUNCE"></bm-marker>
        <bm-geolocation
          anchor="BMAP_ANCHOR_BOTTOM_RIGHT"
          :showAddressBar="true"
          :autoLocation="true"
        ></bm-geolocation>
        <bm-local-search :keyword="keyword" @searchcomplete="search" :auto-viewport="true"></bm-local-search>
        <bm-navigation anchor="BMAP_ANCHOR_TOP_RIGHT"></bm-navigation>
      </baidu-map>

先只需要关注baidu-map组件即可,具体的文档可以去vue-baidu-map去看

首先要实现自动定位我们需要用到baidu-map的center属性和ready方法 center:

指定地图中心点 ready在地图加载完成之后触发,可以拿到BMap,和map实例 ready方法代码如下

mapReady ({ BMap, map }) {
      const _this = this
      // 获取自动定位方法
      var geolocation = new BMap.Geolocation()
      // 获取逆解析方法实例
      this.myGeo = new BMap.Geocoder()
      // 获取自动定位获取的坐标信息
      geolocation.getCurrentPosition(
        function (r) {
          _this.center = {
            lng: r.point.lng,
            lat: r.point.lat
          }
          _this.point = {
            lng: r.point.lng,
            lat: r.point.lat
          }
        },
        { enableHighAccuracy: true }
      )
    },

实现当用户输入店铺地址的时候,地图上会出现符合条件的检索条目

//本地检索组件
<bm-local-search :keyword="keyword" @searchcomplete="search" :auto-viewport="true"></bm-local-search>

思路如下

1.当用户在输入框输入地址的时候,点击搜索图标,把输入框的值赋给keyword字段

2.当keyword赋值新的值以后,会自动触发searchcomplete事件,获取通过条件得到的检索点,并自动展示在地图上

实现用户鼠标右击地图的时候可以选定坐标点,并且逆解析出该点的详细地址信息,并回显到输入框中

为实现这个目标我们需要用到marker组件,这个组件展示当前选中的坐标位置,以便用户能够很清晰得查看 需要用到baidu-map的右键事件 需要用到BMap实例中的逆解析方法

marker组件

<bm-marker :position="point" :dragging="true" animation="BMAP_ANIMATION_BOUNCE"></bm-marker>

baidu-map的右键事件以及逆解析方法

<baidu-map
        class="bm-view"
        :zoom="15"
        :center="center"
        :ak="selfKey"
        inertial-dragging
        @ready="mapReady"
        @rightclick="selectPoint"
      >
        <bm-marker :position="point" :dragging="true" animation="BMAP_ANIMATION_BOUNCE"></bm-marker>
        <bm-geolocation
          anchor="BMAP_ANCHOR_BOTTOM_RIGHT"
          :showAddressBar="true"
          :autoLocation="true"
        ></bm-geolocation>
        <bm-local-search :keyword="keyword" @searchcomplete="search" :auto-viewport="true"></bm-local-search>
        <bm-navigation anchor="BMAP_ANCHOR_TOP_RIGHT"></bm-navigation>
      </baidu-map>
selectPoint ({ type, target, point, pixel, overlay }) {
      this.point = point
      const _this = this
      // 根据坐标逆解析获取地址详细描述
      this.myGeo.getLocation(point, function (result) {
        if (result) {
          _this.city = result.addressComponents.city
          _this.province = result.addressComponents.province
          _this.district = result.addressComponents.district
          //把得到的详细地址的信息回显给用户
          _this.openShopData.shopAdder =
            result.surroundingPois.length > 0
              ? result.surroundingPois[0].address + result.surroundingPois[0].title
              : result.address
          _this.form.setFieldsValue({
            openShopData: _this.openShopData
          })
        }
      })
    },
    mapReady ({ BMap, map }) {
      const _this = this
      // 获取自动定位方法
      var geolocation = new BMap.Geolocation()
      // 获取逆解析方法实例
      this.myGeo = new BMap.Geocoder()
      // 获取自动定位获取的坐标信息
      geolocation.getCurrentPosition(
        function (r) {
          _this.center = {
            lng: r.point.lng,
            lat: r.point.lat
          }
          _this.point = {
            lng: r.point.lng,
            lat: r.point.lat
          }
        },
        { enableHighAccuracy: true }
      )
    },

完整代码如下

<!--
 * @Descripttion:
 * @version:
 * @Author: zero
 * @Date: 2019-10-18 11:33:23
 * @LastEditors: zero
 * @LastEditTime: 2019-10-21 17:22:23
 -->
<template>
  <div class="wrap">
    <h3>店铺信息</h3>
    <a-form :form="form" @submit="handleSubmit" layout="vertical">
      <a-row :gutter="16">
        <a-col :span="24" style="height: 80px;">
          <a-form-item required :label-col="labelCol" :wrapper-col="wrapperCol" label="请输入店铺名称">
            <a-input
              size="large"
              placeholder="请输入店铺名称"
              v-decorator="['openShopData.shopName', {rules: [{ required: true,whitespace: true, message: '请输入店铺名称'}]}]"
            ></a-input>
          </a-form-item>
        </a-col>
        <a-col :span="24" style="height: 80px;">
          <a-form-item required :label-col="labelCol" :wrapper-col="wrapperCol" label="店铺地址">
            <a-input-search
              size="large"
              placeholder="请输入店铺地址"
              v-decorator="['openShopData.shopAdder', {rules: [{ required: true,whitespace: true, message: '请输入店铺地址'}]}]"
              @search="onSearch"
              enterButton
            />
            <!-- <a-select
              showSearch
              size="large"
              placeholder="请输入店铺地址"
              :defaultActiveFirstOption="false"
              :showArrow="false"
              v-decorator="['openShopData.shopAdder', {rules: [{ required: true,whitespace: true, message: '请输入店铺地址'}]}]"
              :filterOption="false"
              @search="handleSearch"
              @change="handleChange"
              :notFoundContent="null"
            >
              <a-select-option
                v-for="d in data"
                :key="d.uid"
                :value="d.uid"
              >{{ d.province+d.city+d.title }}</a-select-option>
            </a-select>-->
          </a-form-item>
        </a-col>
        <a-col :span="24" style="height: 80px;">
          <a-form-item :label-col="labelCol" :wrapper-col="wrapperCol" label="门牌号">
            <a-input
              size="large"
              placeholder="请输入门牌号"
              v-decorator="['openShopData.hoseNum', {rules: [{ message: '请输入门牌号'}]}]"
            ></a-input>
          </a-form-item>
        </a-col>
      </a-row>
    </a-form>
    <a-spin :spinning="!center" size="large" tip="正在加载地图...">
      <baidu-map
        class="bm-view"
        :zoom="15"
        :center="center"
        :ak="selfKey"
        inertial-dragging
        @ready="mapReady"
        @rightclick="selectPoint"
      >
        <bm-marker :position="point" :dragging="true" animation="BMAP_ANIMATION_BOUNCE"></bm-marker>
        <bm-geolocation
          anchor="BMAP_ANCHOR_BOTTOM_RIGHT"
          :showAddressBar="true"
          :autoLocation="true"
        ></bm-geolocation>
        <bm-local-search :keyword="keyword" @searchcomplete="search" :auto-viewport="true"></bm-local-search>
        <bm-navigation anchor="BMAP_ANCHOR_TOP_RIGHT"></bm-navigation>
      </baidu-map>
    </a-spin>
    <div class="button" @click="handleSubmit">下一步</div>
  </div>
</template>
<script>
import { mapState, mapActions } from 'vuex'
import BaiduMap from 'vue-baidu-map/components/map/Map.vue'
import { BmGeolocation, BmLocalSearch, BmNavigation, BmMarker } from 'vue-baidu-map'
export default {
  name: '',
  data () {
    return {
      city: '',
      province: '',
      district: '',
      // 百度地图key
      selfKey: 'NBGG0NtbzhSLZiLHWi79bNQbuTnbjtZ9',
      // 地图你解析方法实例
      myGeo: null,
      // 已选坐标,呈现mark用
      point: { lng: 116.404, lat: 39.915 },
      // 搜索关键字
      keyword: '',
      // 初始化地图中心点
      center: null,
      form: this.$form.createForm(this),
      labelCol: {
        xs: { span: 24 },
        sm: { span: 5 }
      },
      wrapperCol: {
        xs: { span: 24 },
        sm: { span: 12 }
      }
    }
  },

  components: {
    // 地图
    BaiduMap,
    // 手动定位控件
    BmGeolocation,
    // 检索控件
    BmLocalSearch,
    // 地图放大缩小控件
    BmNavigation,
    // marker控件
    BmMarker
  },

  computed: {
    ...mapState({
      openShopData: state => state.app.openShopData
    })
  },

  beforeMount () {},

  created () {},

  beforeCreate () {},

  mounted () {
    this.form.setFieldsValue({
      openShopData: this.openShopData
    })
  },

  methods: {
    selectPoint ({ type, target, point, pixel, overlay }) {
      this.point = point
      const _this = this
      // 根据坐标逆解析获取地址详细描述
      this.myGeo.getLocation(point, function (result) {
        if (result) {
          _this.city = result.addressComponents.city
          _this.province = result.addressComponents.province
          _this.district = result.addressComponents.district
          _this.openShopData.shopAdder =
            result.surroundingPois.length > 0
              ? result.surroundingPois[0].address + result.surroundingPois[0].title
              : result.address
          _this.form.setFieldsValue({
            openShopData: _this.openShopData
          })
        }
      })
    },
    mapReady ({ BMap, map }) {
      const _this = this
      // 获取自动定位方法
      var geolocation = new BMap.Geolocation()
      // 获取逆解析方法实例
      this.myGeo = new BMap.Geocoder()
      // 获取自动定位获取的坐标信息
      geolocation.getCurrentPosition(
        function (r) {
          _this.center = {
            lng: r.point.lng,
            lat: r.point.lat
          }
          _this.point = {
            lng: r.point.lng,
            lat: r.point.lat
          }
        },
        { enableHighAccuracy: true }
      )
    },
    ...mapActions(['setOpenShopData', 'setCurrent']),
    onSearch (e) {
      this.keyword = e
    },
    search (e) {},
    handleSubmit (e) {
      e.preventDefault()
      this.form.validateFields((err, values) => {
        console.log(err)
        if (!err) {
          this.setOpenShopData(values.openShopData)
          this.setCurrent(2)
          this.$router.push({
            path: '/shop/open/stepthree'
          })
        }
      })
    }
  },

  watch: {}
}
</script>

<style lang='less' scoped>
.wrap {
  width: 100%;
  padding-top: 30px;
  h3 {
    font-size: 20px;
    font-family: PingFangSC-Medium, PingFangSC;
    font-weight: 600;
    color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 1);
    margin-bottom: 40px;
  }
}
/deep/ .ant-form-vertical .ant-form-item-label,
.ant-col-24.ant-form-item-label,
.ant-col-xl-24.ant-form-item-label {
  padding: 0 0 8px;
  margin: 0;
  display: block;
  text-align: left;
  line-height: 40px;
}
.button {
  width: 290px;
  height: 50px;
  background: rgba(234, 85, 20, 1);
  box-shadow: 0px 4px 10px 0px rgba(234, 85, 20, 0.48);
  border-radius: 4px;
  font-family: PingFangSC-Medium, PingFangSC;
  font-weight: 500;
  color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 1);
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 50px;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
  margin: 0 auto;
  margin-top: 50px;
  margin-bottom: 50px;
  &:hover {
    cursor: pointer;
  }
}
.bm-view {
  width: 100%;
  height: 400px;
  overflow: hidden;
}
</style>

 

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